Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 141, 1027–1033 (2021).

Vitamin E-enriched polyethylene bearings are not inferior to Arcom bearings in primary total knee arthroplasty at medium-term follow-up

Ftaita, S., Vanden Berghe, A. & Thienpont, E.
Knee

Introduction

The release of wear particles can be responsible for periprosthetic osteolysis, which can in turn, lead to aseptic loosening. Vitamin E-infused polyethylene (HXLPE Vit-E) has been shown, in vitro, to be more resistant to wear than conventional polyethylene (UHMWPE) by its crosslinking (HXLPE) and its higher resistance to oxidation. After reading a case report of a fracture of a vitamin E-enriched HXLPE bearing, the aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate fracture risk and clinical inferiority or not of vitamin-E HXLPE compared to conventional polyethylene in total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

Materials and methods

Three hundred and forty-nine patients (403 TKAs) were contacted, to find out whether they had undergone revision surgery for any reason after a mean (SD) of 7 (1.5) years. Follow-up control radiographs were analyzed for periprosthetic radiolucent lines (RLL) and loosening. Two different Patient Reported Outcome Measurements Scores (PROMS), KOOS and FJS-12, were utilized to assess the daily functionality and identify potential problems.

Results

No statistically significant difference in revision rate, occurrence of aseptic loosening or RLL nor outcome as measured with PROMS was observed.

Conclusions

No bearing fractures or clinical inferiority was observed for vitamin E-enriched HXLPE at medium-term follow-up (7 years) compared to conventional Arcom polyethylene.

Level of evidence

Level III, therapeutic study.


Download article