International Orthopaedics August 2012, Volume 36, Issue 8, pp 1609–1613

Utility of tibial tubercle osteotomy in the setting of periprosthetic infection after total knee arthroplasty

Choi, HR., Burke, D., Malchau, H. et al.
Knee

Purpose

This study reports radiographic and clinical treatment outcomes of tibial tubercle osteotomy (TTO) used for two-stage revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the setting of periprosthetic infection.

Methods

Thirty-six patients with 51 TTOs used for infected TKA were retrospectively analysed from 2000 to 2010. In 15 of 36 patients, TTO was used in a sequential manner during both first and second stage procedures. The mean follow-up period was 57 months (range seven–126 months).

Results

The mean pre-operative range of knee motion was 40° (range 10–90°), and at latest follow-up it was 92° (range 50–140°). The Knee Society knee scores and function scores were 47 and 9 pre-operatively and 82 and 72 at latest follow-up, respectively. Bony union was achieved in all cases except one nonunion of an avulsion fragment of the osteotomy segment without functional deterioration.

Conclusions

TTO can be a useful extensile surgical approach for treatment of infected TKA with satisfactory clinical and radiographic outcomes.


Download article