Up to 10-year follow-up of the Symax stem in THA: a Danish single-centre studyEdwards, N. M., Varnum, C., & Kjærsgaard-Andersen, P. (2018).
The design of the cementless Symax-HA femoral stem is based on geometrical analysis of human femoral anatomy to optimise the fit within the femur. The stem combines an anatomical proximal section enabling a metaphyseal anchorage with a straight distal section. This results in an improved proximal load transfer.
We aimed to determine the overall survival of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients operated at our institution with the Symax stem. Secondly, we investigated the cause of revision for patients having THA including the Symax stem.
The study is a registry study with results from a single centre, Vejle Hospital. From the Danish Hip -Arthroplasty Registry, we identified all THAs operated with the Symax stem. The primary outcome was revision. The secondary outcomes were aseptic loosening, periprosthetic fracture, and all other causes for revision.
In total, 1,055 THAs were performed in 875 patients. The median 6.5-year survival rate was 97.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 96.6%-98.3%). 29 THAs had undergone revision due to the following causes: periprosthetic fracture (n = 11); aseptic loosening of the cup (n = 1); infection (n = 5); dislocation (n = 10); and component failure (n = 2). There was no revision due to aseptic loosening of the stem.
From the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Registry, we identified the overall 6.5-year survival rate to be 95% for cementless THAs. In the present study, the Symax stem has a median 6.5-year survival rate at 97.5% (96.6%-98.3%). No revisions were due to aseptic loosening but the stem had a relative high prevalence of periprosthetic fractures.