The Knee, ISSN: 1873-5800, Vol: 23, Issue: 1, Page: 173-6

Twice cutting method reduces tibial cutting error in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty

Inui, Hiroshi; Taketomi, Shuji; Yamagami, Ryota; Sanada, Takaki; Tanaka, Sakae
Knee

Highlights

  • We investigated the amount of cutting error in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty.
  • We measured the angular differences by the navigation system.
  • Cutting error occurred more often in the sagittal plane than in the coronal plane.
  • Cutting the tibia twice reduced the cutting errors significantly.

Abstract

Background

Bone cutting error can be one of the causes of malalignment in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). The amount of cutting error in total knee arthroplasty has been reported. However, none have investigated cutting error in UKA. The purpose of this study was to reveal the amount of cutting error in UKA when open cutting guide was used and clarify whether cutting the tibia horizontally twice using the same cutting guide reduced the cutting errors in UKA.

Methods

We measured the alignment of the tibial cutting guides, the first-cut cutting surfaces and the second cut cutting surfaces using the navigation system in 50 UKAs. Cutting error was defined as the angular difference between the cutting guide and cutting surface.

Results

The mean absolute first-cut cutting error was 1.9° (1.1° varus) in the coronal plane and 1.1° (0.6° anterior slope) in the sagittal plane, whereas the mean absolute second-cut cutting error was 1.1° (0.6° varus) in the coronal plane and 1.1° (0.4° anterior slope) in the sagittal plane. Cutting the tibia horizontally twice reduced the cutting errors in the coronal plane significantly (P < 0.05).

Conclusion

Our study demonstrated that in UKA, cutting the tibia horizontally twice using the same cutting guide reduced cutting error in the coronal plane.


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