The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 7 , 2136 - 2140

Total Knee Arthroplasty With Patellar Retention: The Severity of Patellofemoral Osteoarthritis Did Not Affect the Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes

Cho, Won-Joon et al.
Knee

Background

The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with patellar retention in accordance with the severity of patellofemoral arthritis.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent TKA with patellar retention using the NexGen LPS or LPS-flex system between September 2010 and May 2015. The radiographic severity of patellofemoral arthritis was categorized according to the Iwano classification system, and subjects were divided into mild (stage 0-I) and moderate to severe (stage II-IV) groups. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Hospital for Special Surgery score, Knee Society Score, function score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, and Feller score. Radiographic outcomes were assessed using the congruence angle, patellar tilt angle, and lateral patellar displacement. The minimum follow-up for clinical and radiographic evaluation was 2 years. Clinical and radiographic outcomes were compared between the 2 groups preoperatively and at the time of the last follow-up.

Results

Four hundred seventy-four knees were enrolled and assigned to mild (n = 208) or moderate to severe (n = 266) groups. The preoperative Feller score was significantly lower in the moderate to severe group (P = .030), whereas the postoperative clinical and radiographic results did not differ significantly between the 2 groups.

Conclusion

Clinical and radiographic outcomes did not differ in accordance with the severity of patellofemoral arthritis after a minimum 2 years of follow-up of patients treated with TKA with patellar retention. Good outcomes were obtained with patellar retention in TKA, even in patients with advanced patellofemoral osteoarthritis.


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