The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 12 , 3704 - 3711

Total Hip Arthroplasty in Young Patients in The Netherlands: Trend Analysis of >19,000 Primary Hip Replacements in the Dutch Arthroplasty Register

Kuijpers, Martijn F.L. et al.
Hip

Background

Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the most successful interventions in medical care. Because of shifting trends in THA and failure rates being higher in younger patients, we aimed to assess trends in implant fixation, bearing type, head diameter, and surgical approach in patients younger than 55 years in the Netherlands using data from the Dutch Arthroplasty Register.

Methods

Trends in the method of implant fixation, bearing type, head diameter, and surgical approach were analyzed over year of surgery (2007-2016) and over age groups (<25, 25-29, 30-34, 35-39, 40-44, 45-49, and 50-54 years).

Results

Between 2007 and 2016, a total of 19,915 primary THAs were performed in patients <55 years. Osteoarthritis was the most prevalent diagnosis (66.1%). Uncemented fixation was used in 79.5% of all performed THAs. The use of 32-mm head diameters increased (from 32.6% in 2007 to 50.1% in 2016), where an increasing trend toward the use of ceramic-on-polyethylene as most frequently used bearing type was present (from 37.5% in 2007 to 53.8% in 2016). The posterolateral surgical approach was the most frequently used approach; however, the anterior approach is used increasingly (0.1% in 2007 to 21.1% in 2016). Ceramic-on-polyethylene bearing surfaces, 32-mm head diameters, and the anterior approach were most commonly used in patients between 50 and 54 years.

Conclusion

There was a clear preference for uncemented fixation in young patients. In head diameter, bearing type, and surgical approach, clear trends were visible. Characteristics of THA in young patients were subject to changing perspectives.


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