The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 12 , 3724 - 3733

The Utilization of Metal Augments Allows Better Biomechanical Reconstruction of the Hip in Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty With Severe Acetabular Defects: A Comparative Study

Zhou, Baochun et al.
Hip

Background

Reconstructing the normal hip biomechanics is important for a successful revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). Little is known about whether using metal augments in revision THA is biomechanically superior to traditional techniques.

Methods

A retrospective review was conducted on 74 consecutive THAs revised using metal augments with a cementless hemispherical cup and 77 consecutive THAs revised using the jumbo cup, all with a minimum 2-year follow-up. Biomechanical parameters were measured before and immediately after the revision. Radiological and clinical outcomes at follow-ups were also evaluated.

Results

The metal augment group had a reconstructed center of rotation (COR) that was 6.5 mm closer to the anatomic COR in height (P < .001), had 3.6 m smaller cup size (P < .001), and had 5.7 mm less head-cup difference (P < .001). Moreover, there was a reconstructed COR that was much closer to the anatomic COR (vertical distance: 1.8 vs 14.1 mm, P < .001; horizontal distance: −2.1 vs 7.9 mm, P = .013), had 4.1 mm greater femoral offset (P = .006), and had 8 mm less leg length discrepancy (P = .035) in the subgroup of Paprosky type III bone defects when compared to the jumbo cup group. All cup-augment constructs were radiologically stable with a higher mean postoperative Harris Hip Score (P = .012). One jumbo cup was radiologically unstable.

Conclusion

In revision THA, utilizing metal augments helps to restore the COR position more precisely, avoid using a larger cup, reduce head-cup difference, rebuild femoral offset, and decrease leg length discrepancy, particularly with Paprosky type III bone defects. Moreover, it provides satisfactory radiological and clinical outcomes in the short term.


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