The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 6, 1918 - 1922

The Influence of Muscle Weakness on the Association Between Obesity and Inpatient Recovery From Total Hip Arthroplasty

Oosting, Ellen et al.
Hip

Background

There is ongoing discussion about whether preoperative obesity is negatively associated with inpatient outcomes of total hip arthroplasty (THA). The aim was to investigate the interaction between obesity and muscle strength and the association with postoperative inpatient recovery after THA.

Methods

Preoperative obesity (body mass index [BMI] >30 kg/m2) and muscle weakness (hand grip strength <20 kg for woman and <30 kg for men) were measured about 6 weeks before THA. Patients with a BMI <18.5 kg/m2 were excluded. Outcomes were delayed inpatient recovery of activities (>2 days to reach independence of walking) and prolonged length of hospital stay (LOS, >4 days and/or discharge to extended rehabilitation). Univariate and multivariable regression analyses with the independent variables muscle weakness and obesity, and the interaction between obesity and muscle weakness, were performed and corrected for possible confounders.

Results

Two hundred and ninety-seven patients were included, 54 (18%) of whom were obese and 21 (7%) who also had muscle weakness. Obesity was not significantly associated with prolonged LOS (odds ratio [OR] 1.36, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.75-2.47) or prolonged recovery of activities (OR 1.77, 95% CI 0.98-3.22), but the combination of obesity and weakness was significantly associated with prolonged LOS (OR 3.59, 95% CI 1.09-11.89) and prolonged recovery of activities (OR 6.21, 95% CI 1.64-23.65).

Conclusion

Obesity is associated with inpatient recovery after THA only in patients with muscle weakness. The results of this study suggest that we should measure muscle strength in addition to BMI (or body composition) to identify patients at risk of prolonged LOS.


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