The hsa-miR-181a-5p reduces oxidation resistance by controlling SECISBP2 in osteoarthritisJianli Xue, Zixin Min, Zhuqing Xia, Bin Cheng, Binshang Lan, Fujun Zhang, Yan Han, Kunzheng Wang and Jian Sun
Ankle Elbow Hip Knee Shoulder
The phenotypes of osteoarthritis (OA) consist of cartilage extracellular matrix (ECM) metabolism disorder and the breakdown of cartilage homeostasis, which are induced by pro-inflammatory factors and oxidative stress. Selenoproteins regulated by selenocysteine insertion sequence binding protein 2 (SBP2) are highly effective antioxidants, but their regulatory mechanisms, particularly the involvement of miRNAs, are not fully understood.
To explore whether miR-181a-5p and SBP2 are involved in OA pathogenesis, we established an IL-1β model using the chondrocyte SW1353 cell line. Next, we up- or down-regulated SBP2 and miRNA-181a-5p expression in the cells. Finally, we measured the expression of miRNA-181a-5p, SBP2 and three selenoproteins in OA cartilage and peripheral blood.
The results showed that IL-1β increased hsa-miR-181a-5p and decreased SBP2 in a time- and dose-dependent manner. GPX1 and GPX4, which encode crucial glutathione peroxidase antioxidant enzymes, were up-regulated along with SBP2 and miR-181a-5p. Furthermore, SBP2 showed a significant negative correlation with miR-181a-5p during induced ATDC5 cell differentiation. There was lower GPX1 and GPX4 mRNA expression and SBP2 protein expression in damaged cartilage than in smooth cartilage from the same OA sample, and hsa-miR-181a-5p expression on the contrary. Similar results were observed in peripheral blood. In conclusion, we have reported a novel pathway in which pro-inflammatory factors, miRNA, SBP2 and selenoproteins are associated with oxidation resistance in cartilage.
Overall, this study provides the first comprehensive evidence that pro-inflammatory factors cause changes in the cartilage antioxidant network and describes the discovery of novel mediators of cartilage oxidative stress and OA pathophysiology. Our data suggest that miR-181a-5p may be used to develop novel early-stage diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for OA.