Bone Joint J 2018;100-B:1168–74.

The effect of multimorbidity on changes in health-related quality of life following hip and knee arthroplasty

L. Zhang, L. M. Lix, O. Ayilara, R. Sawatzky, E. R. Bohm
Hip Knee


The aim of this study was to assess the effect of multimorbidity on improvements in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

Patients and Methods

Using data from a regional joint registry for 14 573 patients, HRQoL was measured prior and one year following surgery using the Oxford Hip Score (OHS) and Oxford Knee Score (OKS), and the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey Physical and Mental Component Summary scores (PCS and MCS, respectively). Multimorbidity was defined as the concurrence of two or more self-reported chronic conditions. A linear mixed-effects model was used to test the effects of multimorbidity and the number of chronic conditions on improvements in HRQoL.


Almost two-thirds of patients had multimorbidity, which adversely effected improvements in HRQoL. For THA, mean improvements in HRQoL scores were reduced by 2.21 points in OHS, 1.62 in PCS, and 4.14 in MCS; for TKA, the mean improvements were reduced by 1.71 points in OKS, 1.92 in PCS, and 3.55 in MCS (all p < 0.0001). An increase in the number of chronic conditions was associated with increasing reductions in HRQoL improvements.


Multimorbidity adversely effects improvements in HRQoL following THA and TKA. Our findings are relevant to healthcare providers focused on the management of patients with chronic conditions and for administrators reporting and monitoring the outcomes of THA and TKA.

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