The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 10, 2511 - 2518

Survivorship and Clinical Outcomes of Custom Triflange Acetabular Components in Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review

De Martino, Ivan et al.
Hip

Background

Several studies have evaluated the survivorship and clinical outcomes of custom triflange acetabular component (CTAC) usage in complex acetabular revision; however, there remains no consensus on the overall performance of this custom implant design. We therefore performed a systematic review of the literature in order to examine survivorship and complication rate of CTAC usage.

Methods

A systematic review of the literature according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines was performed. A comprehensive search of PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was conducted for English articles using various combinations of the keywords “custom triflange,” “custom-made triflange,” “acetabular triflange,” “THA,” “THR,” “revision,” “bone loss,” “bone defect,” and “pelvic discontinuity.”

Results

In all, 17 articles met our inclusion criteria. A total of 579 CTACs were implanted. The all-cause revision-free survivorship was 82.7%. The overall complication rate was 29%. Dislocation and infection were the most common complications observed with an incidence of 11% and 6.2%, respectively. Nerve injuries following CTAC placement had an incidence of 3.8%. The incidence of CTAC aseptic loosening was 1.7%. Overall, patients had improved outcomes as documented by postoperative hip scores.

Conclusion

Based on the current data, CTACs have a high complication rate but remain an efficacious treatment option in complex acetabular reconstructions. When dealing with patients with significant acetabular bone loss for revision total hip arthroplasty, surgeons should continue to consider CTACs as a viable option but educate patients as to the increased risk of postoperative complications and reoperations.

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