Arthrodesis is a widely accepted treatment for failed total knee arthroplasty when further revision is contraindicated. In this study, we retrospectively review the pre-operative characteristics, operation techniques, treatment plans, and eventual outcomes in 42 consecutive patients (43 knees) who underwent knee arthrodesis at a single institution. Femorotibial fusion was achieved in 30 cases (75.0%). No cases of implant failure were recorded. Post-operative complications occurred in 20 cases (46.5%). Repeat arthrodesis was performed in 4 cases, and 2 patients eventually required above-the-knee amputation. Comparing the cases with successful vs. unsuccessful outcomes, there was a significant difference in days until hospital discharge following arthrodesis (P = .026), mean erythrocyte sedimentation rate prior to arthrodesis (P = .012), and the proportion of patients with post-operative wound complications (P = .021).
The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 29, Issue 5, 982 - 988
Success of Different Knee Arthrodesis Techniques After Failed Total Knee Arthroplasty: Is There a Preferred Technique?Schwarzkopf, Ran et al.