The Knee, ISSN: 1873-5800, Vol: 24, Issue: 5, Page: 1182-1186

Smoking is associated with earlier time to revision of total knee arthroplasty

Chin Tat Lim; Stuart B. Goodman; James I. Huddleston III; Alex H.S. Harris; Subhrojyoti Bhowmick; William J. Maloney; Derek F. Amanatullah
Knee

Background

Smoking is associated with early postoperative complications, increased length of hospital stay, and an increased risk of revision after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the effect of smoking on time to revision TKA is unknown.

Methods

A total of 619 primary TKAs referred to an academic tertiary center for revision TKA were retrospectively stratified according to the patient smoking status. Smoking status was then analyzed for associations with time to revision TKA using a Chi square test. The association was also analyzed according to the indication for revision TKA.

Results

Smokers (37/41, 90%) have an increased risk of earlier revision for any reason compared to non-smokers (274/357, 77%, p = 0.031). Smokers (37/41, 90%) have an increased risk of earlier revision for any reason compared to ex-smokers (168/221, 76%, p = 0.028). Subgroup analysis did not reveal a difference in indication for revision TKA (p > 0.05).

Conclusions

Smokers are at increased risk of earlier revision TKA when compared to non-smokers and ex-smokers. The risk for ex-smokers was similar to that of non-smokers. Smoking appears to have an all-or-none effect on earlier revision TKA as patients who smoked more did not have higher risk of early revision TKA. These results highlight the need for clinicians to urge patients not to begin smoking and encourage smokers to quit smoking prior to primary TKA.


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