Smartphone-assisted technique in total hip arthroplasty can improve the precision of acetabular cup placement: a randomised controlled trial. HIP International. 2021;31(1):50-57.

Smartphone-assisted technique in total hip arthroplasty can improve the precision of acetabular cup placement: a randomised controlled trial

Pongkunakorn A, Diewwattanawiwat K, Chatmaitri S.
Hip

Malposition of the acetabular component mainly results from intraoperative pelvic motion and manual errors during cup placement. We investigated the outcomes of a device that uses a level indicator application of a smartphone to function as a pelvic tilt goniometer to assess intraoperative motion. The cup positions outside Lewinnek’s safe zone were compared between the smartphone-assisted technique and the conventional method that uses a mechanical alignment guide.

A randomised controlled trial was conducted among 64 patients receiving primary cementless total hip arthroplasties (THAs) via a posterolateral approach from June 2015 to February 2017. Acetabular components were implanted either by conventional technique (n = 32) or using smartphone technique (n = 32). Inclination and anteversion angles were measured in supine pelvic radiographs.

The inclination angle in the smartphone group was not significantly different from the conventional group (41.2° ± 3.9° vs. 40.3° ± 7.9°, p = 0.567). The anteversion angle was also similar (19.3 ± 3.8° vs 19.1° ± 5.9°, p = 0.856). However, the standard deviation of the angle in the smartphone group was significantly lower for inclination (p < 0.001) and anteversion (p = 0.016). There were 3 outliers (9.4%) in the smartphone group, but 13 (40.6%) in the conventional group (p = 0.008). The risk ratio was 0.23 (95% CI, 0.07–0.73). The risk difference was −0.31 (95% CI, –0.51– –0.11).

The smartphone-assisted technique in THA improves the precision of cup placement and decreases the percentage of safe zone outliers.


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