The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 5, 959 - 964.e1

Sleep Apnea Increases Ninety-Day Complications and Cost Following Primary Total Joint Arthroplasty

Vakharia, Rushabh M. et al.
Hip Knee

Background

Sleep apnea (SA) negatively affects bone mineralization, cognition, and immunity. There is paucity in the literature regarding the impact of SA on total joint arthroplasty (TJA). The purpose of this study is to compare complications in patients with and without SA undergoing either total knee (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Methods

A retrospective review from 2005 to 2014 was conducted using the Medicare Standard Analytical Files. Patients with and without SA on the day of the primary TJA were queried using the International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision codes. Patients were matched by age, gender, Charlson Comorbidity Index), and body mass index. Patients were followed for 2 years after their surgery. Ninety-day medical complications, complications related to implant, readmission rates, length of stay, and 1-year mortality were quantified and compared. Logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios (OR) with their respective 95% confidence interval and P values.

Results

After the random matching process there were 529,240 patients (female = 271,656, male = 252,106, unknown = 5478) with (TKA = 189,968, THA = 74,652) and without (TKA = 189,968, THA = 74,652) SA who underwent primary TJA between 2005 and 2014. Patients with SA had greater odds of developing medical complications following TKA (OR 3.71) or THA (OR 2.48).

Conclusion

The study illustrates an increased risk of developing postoperative complications in patients with SA following primary TJA. Surgeons should educate patients on these adverse effects and encourage the use of continuous positive airway pressure which has been shown to mitigate many postoperative complications.

Download article