The aim of this randomized prospective study was to clarify risks associated with a drain-clamping method using tranexamic acid and carbazochrome sodium sulfonate hydrate after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Subjects comprised 100 patients scheduled to undergo TKA, randomized into 2 groups: 50 patients received the drain-clamping method using tranexamic acid and carbazochrome sodium sulfonate hydrate and 50 patients received drain-clamping with saline. Although bleeding volume was significantly lower in the group with tranexamic acid and carbazochrome sodium sulfonate hydrate, risk of asymptomatic deep venous thrombosis as detected by ultrasonography was comparable between groups. Tranexamic acid and carbazochrome sodium sulfonate hydrate in the drain-clamping method help reduce bleeding after TKA without increasing the risk of deep venous thrombosis.
The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 27, Issue 1, 105 - 108
Risk of Deep Venous Thrombosis in Drain Clamping With Tranexamic Acid and Carbazochrome Sodium Sulfonate Hydrate in Total Knee ArthroplastyOnodera, Tomohiro et al.