We identified 93 nerve injuries in 43,761 THAs (0.21%). The mean age of cases was 63 years. Adjusting for other factors in the model, patients <45 years were found to be at increased risk of developing nerve injury (OR, 7.17; P = .033). Similarly, patients with a history of tobacco use (OR, 1.90; P = .030) and a history of spinal surgery or disease (OR, 10.06; P < .001) were also associated with increased risk of nerve injury. For every 30-minute increase in surgery time after 1 hour, risk of nerve injury risk increased (OR, 1.48; P = .034). Assignment as first operative case of the morning was associated with a decreased risk of nerve injury (OR, 0.37, P = .043).