The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 7, S232 - S237

Results of 200 Consecutive Ceramic-on-Ceramic Cementless Hip Arthroplasties in Patients Up To 50 Years of Age: A 5-24 Years of Follow-Up Study

Solarino, Giuseppe et al.
Hip

Background

Ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC) bearings due to their mechanical properties can be used in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) especially in young patients requiring a long-lasting implant. The goal of this study is to analyze the results of a series of 200 consecutive CoC THAs in patients aged 50 years or less at the time of surgery.

Methods

A retrospective study was conducted on the first 200 consecutive CoC arthroplasties performed using the direct lateral approach on 105 females and 81 males (14 bilateral cases) with an average age of 44.2 (16-50) years. The diagnosis was primary or post-traumatic osteoarthritis in 94 cases, avascular necrosis of the femoral head in 47, displaced intracapsular femoral neck fracture in 29, osteoarthritis secondary to developmental dysplasia of the hip/Legg-Calvè-Perthes disease/slipped capital femoral epiphysis in 20, and rheumatic diseases in 10 cases. The preoperative Harris Hip Score was 32.5 on average (range 15-55). All the implants were cementless. In 177 THAs the coupling was alumina-on-alumina, and in 23 cases the coupling was AMC-on-AMC (alumina matrix composite).

Results

Twenty-five patients with 28 THAs were lost at the final follow-up, 2 stems were revised due to subsidence, 1 cup was revised due to malposition, 1 femoral head was changed because of impingement, and 1 THA was revised for periprosthetic infection. Three patients sustained a Vancouver B1 periprosthetic femoral fracture. At the final follow-up (mean 14.9 years; minimum 5 years to maximum 24 years), 172 THAs were eligible for clinical and radiographic evaluation: none was revised for wear and/or breakage of the ceramic components. Harris Hip Score rose up to a mean value of 90.1 (52-100).

Conclusion

The present report demonstrates that CoC coupling offers excellent long-term results in THA performed in young patients with very low wear and no adverse effects caused by the material.

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