Journal of Orthopaedic ResearchVolume 38, Issue 4 p. 871-879

Relationship Between Insertion Torque and Compression Strength in the Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty Baseplate

Miguel A. Diaz Grant E. Garrigues Eric T. Ricchetti Sergio Gutierrez Mark A. Frankle

Reverse shoulder arthroplasty is a well‐established procedure, however, there is limited data in the literature regarding adequate insertion torque and the resulting compression for glenoid baseplate fixation. In this biomechanical study, we evaluated the relationship between insertion torque and baseplate compression by simultaneously measuring the insertion torque and axial compressive forces generated by two reverse shoulder arthroplasty baseplates with central screw design. Three different bone surrogates were chosen to mimic clinical scenarios where differences in compression achieved during baseplate insertion may exist due to varying bone quality. Epoxy resin sheets were combined with the bone surrogates to simulate the glenoid vault. A digital torque gauge was used to measure insertion torque applied to the baseplate, while compression data were collected continuously from a load cell. A strong positive correlation was found between baseplate compression and insertion torque. Among the lower density bone surrogates, neither baseplate design reached maximum insertion torque (6.8 Nm) due to material strip‐out. This phenomenon did not occur in denser bone surrogates. Both baseplate designs experienced a significant increase in mean baseplate compression as insertion torque increased and were found to behave similar in the denser bone surrogates. The results presented here suggest that larger compressive forces can be achieved with an increase in insertion torque in denser bone surrogates, but caution must be used when trying to achieve fixation in poor‐quality bone. Clinically, this could be useful preoperatively to minimize baseplate failure, and in further studies regarding baseplate design for improved initial fixation and stability. © 2019 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 38:871‐879, 2020

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