Predictive value of short-term migration in determining long-term stable fixation in cemented and cementless total knee arthroplastiesE. K. Laende, C. G. Richardson, M. J. Dunbar
Early implant migration measured with radiostereometric analysis (RSA) has been proposed as a useful predictor of long-term fixation of tibial components in total knee arthroplasty. Evaluation of actual long-term fixation is of interest for cemented components, as well as for cementless fixation, which may offer long-term advantages once osseointegration has occurred. The objective of this study was to compare the long-term migration with one- and two-year migration to evaluate the predictive ability of short-term migration data and to compare migration and inducible displacement between cemented and cementless (porous metal monoblock) components at least ten years postoperatively.
Patients and Methods
Patients who had participated in RSA migration studies with two-year follow-up were recruited to return for a long-term follow-up, at least ten years from surgery. Two cemented tibial designs from two manufacturers and one porous metal monoblock cementless tibial design were studied. At the long-term follow-up, patients had supine RSA examinations to determine migration and loaded examinations (single leg stance) to determine inducible displacement. In total, 79 patients (54 female) returned, with mean time since surgery of 12 years (10 to 14). There were 58 cemented and 21 cementless tibial components.
Migration at one year and two years was significantly correlated with long-term migration (p < 0.001). Median migration at the long-term follow-up was 0.6 mm (maximum total point motion; interquartile range (IQR) 0.4 to 0.9) for the cemented group and 0.6 mm
(IQR 0.3 to 1.1) for the cementless group with no difference between groups (p = 0.99). Inducible displacement was significantly lower for the cementless components (p < 0.001).
Long-term migration was strongly correlated with two-year migration. Although long-term migration was not different for cemented or cementless tibial components, inducible displacement at the long-term visit was significantly lower for these cementless components, suggesting superior fixation. These findings support the predictive value of short-term migration in determining long-term fixation.