The purpose of this study was to see if subvastus approach would decrease incidence of postoperative contracture and pain following TKA compared to standard parapatellar approach. Retrospective review of 546 patients in Group A undergoing TKA using parapatellar approach were compared to 255 patients in Group B undergoing subvastus approach. No statistically significant differences regarding OR time, blood loss, BMI, or LOS. Total of 23 (4%) manipulations under anesthesia for contracture in Group A compared to 6 (2%) in Group B (p > 0.05). Postoperative pain scores at 6 weeks was greater in Group A, p < 0.05. We feel that a subvastus approach minimizes trauma to the extensor mechanism, and therefore decreases the incidence of postoperative pain following TKA.
The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 29, Issue 1, 33 - 36
Postoperative Pain and Contracture Following Total Knee Arthroplasty Comparing Parapatellar and Subvastus ApproachesCurtin, Brian et al.