Patient-reported outcome after patient-specific unicondylar knee arthroplasty for unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 21, 773 (2020).

Patient-reported outcome after patient-specific unicondylar knee arthroplasty for unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis

Freigang, V., Rupp, M., Pfeifer, C. et al.
Knee

Background

Unicondylar knee arthroplasty was introduced in the late 1960s and remains a topic of controversial discussion. Patient-specific instruments and patient-specific implants are not yet the standard of care. The question remains whether this time-consuming and costly technique can be beneficial for the patient. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a custom-made unicondylar knee arthroplasty leads to improved patient-reported outcome.

Methods

This retrospective study evaluates the patient-reported outcome after custom-made unicondylar knee arthroplasty (CM-UKA, ConforMIS™ iUni® G2, ConforMIS Inc., Billerica, MA, USA). We evaluated 29 patients (31 knees) at an average of 2.4 years (range 1.2–3.6 years) after operation for unicondylar osteoarthritis of the knee. The target zone for the postoperative leg axis was a slight under-correction of 0–2° varus. Follow-up evaluation included the Forgotten Joint Score (FJS), the Knee Society Score (KSS), a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and a radiographic evaluation including a long-leg radiograph. Primary outcome measure was patient satisfaction based on the Forgotten Joint Score.

Results

We found an excellent postoperative health-related quality of life with a mean FJS of 76.8 (SD 17.9) indicating a low level of joint awareness after CM-UKA. The mean preoperative KSS was 66.0 (SD 13.71) and 59.4 (17.9) for the KSS function score. The increase was 22.8 points for the KSS knee score (p < 0.0001) and 34.8 points for the KSS function score (p < 0.0001). The VAS for pain decreased from a mean of 5.4 (SD 1.8) to 1.1 (SD 1.2) (p < 0.0001). The malalignment rate with a postoperative deviation of more than 2° in the leg axis was 29%. There was no evidence of component loosening after a mean follow-up of 2.4 years.

Conclusions

Custom-made unicondylar knee arthroplasty (CM-UKA) can provide improved clinical and functional outcomes for patients with isolated knee osteoarthritis of the medial compartment. We found excellent results regarding patient satisfaction and a low malalignment rate for CM-UKA. Further studies are needed to investigate long-term survivorship of the implant.

Level of evidence

Level IV.


Download article