Outcomes and complications following non-oncologic total femoral replacementChrist AB, Mendez L, Gausden EB, Blevins JL, Bostrom MP, Sculco PK.
Non-oncologic total femoral replacement (TFR) is utilised as a limb-salvage option in the setting of massive bone loss during revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, complication rates, including infection and reoperation, remain a concern.
In this study, 16 consecutive TFRs from a single institution with an average clinical follow-up of 4 years were retrospectively reviewed. Indications for TFR, previous surgeries, implants used, complications, reoperations, and ambulatory status at final follow-up were recorded.
The reoperation rate was 50%, and those patients averaged 2 additional surgeries after TFR. The most common reason for reoperation was infection with a 33% incidence of a new periprosthetic infection and an overall infection rate of 44% (7/16). 6/7 were managed with irrigation and debridement and implant retention. Dual-mobility and constrained acetabular liners were used consistently, and no patient experienced a subsequent dislocation. At final follow-up, 81% were ambulatory but only 2 patients (13%) could walk without an assistive device. No patient required amputation.
While TFR achieved limb salvage in all patients with fair clinical outcomes, patients were at high risk for new or persistent infection and reoperation. Dual-mobility and constrained acetabular liners were effective in preventing dislocation is this cohort.