The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 8 , 2541 - 2545

No Difference in Major Complication and Readmission Rates Following Simultaneous Bilateral vs Unilateral Total Hip Arthroplasty

Morcos, Mina W. et al.
Hip

Background

Simultaneous bilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an attractive option for patients with osteoarthritis as it requires a single anesthetic and hospitalization. Nonetheless, serious concerns remain over the perioperative safety and rate of hospital readmission. The purpose of the present study was to compare the rate of 30-day major complications and hospital readmissions between patients undergoing simultaneous bilateral vs unilateral THA using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database.

Methods

The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried from 2011 to 2015 inclusively to identify all cases of elective, primary simultaneous bilateral THA and match them to a control group of unilateral THA cases. A multivariable regression analysis was then used to assess the relationship of simultaneous bilateral vs unilateral THA on major complications and readmissions.

Results

A total of 575 bilateral THA patients were matched to 2290 unilateral THA patients using a 4:1 ratio based on age, sex, and American Society of Anesthesiologists scores. Bilateral THA patients were more likely to undergo general anesthesia (77% vs 58.7%, P < .0001), required more postoperative transfusions (29.2% vs 15.9%, P < .0001) and were more often discharged to a rehabilitation facility rather than home (39.4% vs 20.8%, P < .0001). However, the adjusted odds of a major complication (odds ratio = 0.72, 95% confidence interval [0.41-1.24], P = .24) and 30-day readmission (odds ratio = 0.67, 95% confidence interval [0.38-1.19], P = .17) were similar between the 2 groups.

Conclusion

Although patients who underwent simultaneous bilateral THA were more likely to be discharged to a rehabilitation facility and required significantly more perioperative transfusions compared to those undergoing unilateral THA, the odds of a 30-day major complication and readmission were similar between groups.

Level of Evidence: III


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