Ceramic-on-polyethylene (CoP) bearing surfaces were most commonly used, representing 35.6% of cases, followed by metal-on-polyethylene (MoP; 28.0%), metal-on-metal (MoM; 19.3%), and ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC; 17.0%) bearing surfaces. Hard-on-hard bearing surfaces (MoM and CoC) represented only 36.4% of cases, a significant decrease from previously reported findings (2006-2009) where hard-on-hard bearing surfaces were the majority (62.2%; P < .05). Hard-on-hard bearing surface usage decreased from 2009 to 2012 (MoM: 29.7% to 10.2%; CoC: 20.0% to 14.7%), whereas hard-on-soft bearing surface usage (MoP and CoP) increased. CoP bearing surfaces saw the most significant increase from 25.7% in 2009 to 48.2% in 2012. A cost analysis revealed that CoP discharges were associated with higher hospital charges than other surface types, with an average charge of $66,457 (P < .05).