The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 5, 1606 - 1611

Multiple Revision Surgeries and Acetabular Bone Defect Size May Predict Daily Activity After Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty

Hayashi, Shinya et al.
Hip

Background

We identified preoperative predictors and size of acetabular bone defects for poor return to daily activity after revision total hip arthroplasty.

Methods

Our analysis was based on outcomes of 140 cases of revision total hip arthroplasty, performed for any reason between May 2001 and March 2013. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and body mass index (BMI) measured preoperatively, and the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) activity score and JOA score measured at the 2-year follow-up were evaluated. Acetabular bone defects were classified according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons grading system, with further classification of the location and severity of each acetabular bone defect. We compared preoperative clinical factors and postoperative clinical outcomes statistically.

Results

We found a significant association between the number of revision surgeries and worse postoperative JOA scores and UCLA activity scores. There were significant differences in postoperative JOA scores and UCLA activity scores between patients with partial and global acetabular bone defects.

Conclusion

Multiple revision surgeries and the size of the acetabular bone defect were predictors of both poorer clinical outcome and greater restriction in postoperative daily activities. Closer attention to the postoperative management of patients with a lower preoperative status is warranted.


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