The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 4, 1084 - 1089

Midterm Results After Tantalum Cones in 1-Stage Knee Exchange for Periprosthetic Joint Infection: A Single-Center Study

Abdelaziz, Hussein et al.
Knee

Background

The use of tantalum cones to reconstruct extensive bone defects in revision total knee arthroplasty has been established. We aimed to evaluate the midterm results after 1-stage knee exchange for periprosthetic joint infection using tantalum cones.

Methods

Seventy-two patients (mean age, 70 ± 8.2 years) treated with a 1-stage exchange for infected total knee arthroplasty using porous tantalum cones, between 2011 and 2016, were retrospectively included. Either rotating or pure hinge system in combination with femoral and/or tibial cones was used. Survivorship analysis (septic and aseptic) was performed. Prospectively, functional outcome was assessed at a mean follow-up of 49.9 ± 18.8 months (range, 24-88).

Results

A total of 15 patients (21%) were rerevised, 8 (11.1%) for infection and 7 (10%) for aseptic loosening, requiring cone exchange in 12 patients (17%). Cone-related survival free from any revision was 83% ± 3.8 standard deviation (95% confidence interval, 74-90), and infection-free survival was 89% ± 4.2 standard deviation (95% confidence interval, 76-93). No significant correlation was reported between the types of prosthesis used (P = .8) or implanted cones and failure (P = .6). History of a previous septic revision increased the risk of cone revision after the index surgery (P < .001). Preoperative Hospital for Special Surgery knee score improved from 47 ± 16 (range, 14-87) to 60 ± 17 (range, 24-84) points at the latest follow-up.

Conclusion

First study reports on outcomes of the 1-stage exchange using tantalum cones for knee periprosthetic joint infection with additional severe bone loss. Midterm cone-related and infection-free survival offered good results and provided reasonable functional outcomes.

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