Microcomputed tomography assessment of glenoid component cementation techniques in total shoulder arthroplastySyed Ashfaq Hasan Wesley K. Cox Muhammad Syed Larry J. Suva
Various strategies have been described to improve glenoid component cementation technique in shoulder arthroplasty, such as the “weephole” technique (WH), which is thought to allow for improved cement mantles by suction venting the glenoid vault through the coracoid. The purpose of this study was to compare the cement mantle created using standard syringe pressurization (SP) to WH or a new, modified weephole technique (MWH), not requiring specific instrumentation of the coracoid medullary canal. Fourteen cadaveric scapulae underwent preparation of the glenoid to allow for implantation of glenoid components. Component fixation was achieved using SP, WH, or MWH. The volumes of cement surrounding each individual peg on the component, of the cement mantle between the back of the glenoid, and of the reamed glenoid face were quantified using micro‐CT. Compared to SP, significantly larger cement mantles were observed around all pegs with both the WH (p = 0.023) and MWH (p = 0.007). Similarly, both the WH and MWH techniques demonstrated significantly decreased cement behind the glenoid component (p = 0.003) compared to SP, with no significant difference between the WH and the MWH techniques. Both WH and MWH techniques increase cement mantle volume around individual pegs and decrease the amount of glenoid face cement compared to conventional SP.