Compared to titanium implants, cobalt-chromium implants showed a higher incidence of complete radiolucent lines (23.1% vs 7.9% at 2 years post-TKA) and a greater degree of BMDMT reduction. However, there was no significant difference between the implants made of the same material. Increased medial tibial bone resorption was associated with male sex, osteoporosis, larger preoperative varus deformity, longer follow-up period, and lower body mass index. The periprosthetic bone resorption was not associated with clinical outcomes including changes in range of motion and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index score. Furthermore, no cases warranted additional surgery.