The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 27, Issue 2, 260 - 265

Lateral Laxity in Flexion Increases the Postoperative Flexion Angle in Cruciate-Retaining Total Knee Arthroplasty

Kobayashi, Tatsuya et al.

Thirty-eight patients diagnosed with osteoarthritis underwent 41 cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasties. In varus and valgus tests at flexion, subjects were seated on a table at 80° of knee flexion; 50 N was applied perpendicular to the lower leg. The factors affecting the postoperative flexion angle were investigated in a multiregression analysis. The mean joint angles of the flexion-valgus and flexion-varus tests were 3.4° ± 1.4° and 6.2° ± 2.5°, respectively. The flexion-varus angle was correlated with the postoperative flexion angle (P < .01). The mean postoperative flexion angles were 110.8° ± 9.6° and 118.1° ± 8.0° in the groups with the flexion-varus angle of 6° or less and more than 6°, respectively (P = .02). Slack lateral laxity in flexion had a significant effect during knee flexion in cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty.

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