The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 8, 1772 - 1775

Irrigation, Débridement, and Implant Retention for Recurrence of Periprosthetic Joint Infection Following Two-Stage Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Matched Cohort Study

Vahedi, Hamed et al.
Knee

Background

We investigated clinical/functional outcomes and implant survivorship in patients who underwent 2-stage revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), experienced acute PJI recurrence, and underwent irrigation, débridement, and polyethylene exchange (IDPE) with retention of stable implant.

Methods

Twenty-four patients (24 knees) were identified who underwent 2-stage revision TKA for PJI, experienced acute PJI recurrence, and then underwent IDPE between 2005 and 2016 (minimum 2-year follow-up). After IDPE, intravenous antibiotics (6 weeks) and oral suppression therapy (minimum 6 months) were administered. Data were compared with 1:2 matched control group that underwent 2-stage revision TKA for chronic PJI and did not receive IDPE.

Results

Average IDPE group follow-up was 3.8 years (range, 2.4-7.2). Reinfection rate after IDPE was 29% (n = 7): 3 of 7 underwent second IDPE (2 of 3 had no infection recurrence) and 5 (one was patient who had recurrent infection after second IDPE) underwent another 2-stage revision TKA. Control group reinfection rate was 27% (n = 13) ( P = .85). For IDPE group, mean time to reinfection after 2-stage revision TKA was 4.6 months (range, 1-8 months) (patients presented with acute symptoms less than 3 weeks duration). At latest follow-up, mean Knee Society Score was 70 (range, 35-85) in IDPE group and 75 (range, 30-85) in control group ( P = .53).

Conclusion

IDPE for acute reinfection following 2-stage revision TKA with well-fixed implants had a 71% success rate. These patients had comparable functional outcome as patients with no IDPE after 2-stage revision TKA. IDPE followed by long-term suppression antibiotic therapy should be considered in patients with acute infection and stable components.

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