Polyethylene wear-induced osteolysis constitutes the most severe long-term complication of total hip arthroplasties (THA). Our aim was to assess through MRI the severity and growth pattern of osteolysis, as well as the influence clinical-radiographic variables exert. We analyzed 75 THA with an average evolution time of 13.67 years. The implant was a titanium alloy, non-cemented, multiple-hole model with hydroxyapatite coating. Osteolysis was found with a peripheral pattern in 48 and a central pattern in 6; in 52 cases it was continuous, and in 4, isolated. Out of 118 screws, 20 exhibited lysis. There was a proportional correlation between osteolysis severity and wear rate with age, physical activity and acetabular abduction, as well as an association between said variables and peripheral and continuous patterns.
The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 29, Issue 10, 2043 - 2048
Influence of Clinical and Radiological Variables on the Extent and Distribution of Periprosthetic Osteolysis in Total Hip Arthroplasty with a Hydroxyapatite-Coated Multiple-Hole Acetabular Component: A Magnetic Resonance Imaging StudyPérez-Coto, Iván et al.