The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 29, Issue 10, 2043 - 2048

Influence of Clinical and Radiological Variables on the Extent and Distribution of Periprosthetic Osteolysis in Total Hip Arthroplasty with a Hydroxyapatite-Coated Multiple-Hole Acetabular Component: A Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

Pérez-Coto, Iván et al.

Polyethylene wear-induced osteolysis constitutes the most severe long-term complication of total hip arthroplasties (THA). Our aim was to assess through MRI the severity and growth pattern of osteolysis, as well as the influence clinical-radiographic variables exert. We analyzed 75 THA with an average evolution time of 13.67 years. The implant was a titanium alloy, non-cemented, multiple-hole model with hydroxyapatite coating. Osteolysis was found with a peripheral pattern in 48 and a central pattern in 6; in 52 cases it was continuous, and in 4, isolated. Out of 118 screws, 20 exhibited lysis. There was a proportional correlation between osteolysis severity and wear rate with age, physical activity and acetabular abduction, as well as an association between said variables and peripheral and continuous patterns.

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