The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 6, 1150 - 1154.e2

Inflammatory Arthritis Is a Risk Factor for Multiple Complications After Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Population-Based Comparative Study of 68,348 Patients

Richardson, Shawn S. et al.
Hip

Background

Patients with inflammatory arthritis (IA) are likely at higher risk of postoperative complications following total hip arthroplasty (THA), from the underlying disease, the degree of articular deformity, and immunosuppressive medications. The purpose of this study was to perform a comparative study of the risk of complications after THA between IA and osteoarthritis.

Methods

A national private insurance database was used to select patients undergoing unilateral primary THA. Patients were categorized to the inflammatory cohort if they had a diagnosis of IA and treatment with an IA-specific medication within the year before surgery. Patients with no diagnosis of IA were considered osteoarthritis. Risk of Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services–reportable complications and 90-day readmission was compared between cohorts using multivariate logistic regression controlling for age, gender, length of stay, comorbidities, and corticosteroid use.

Results

A total of 68,348 patients were included; 2.12% met criteria for IA. Patients with IA were found to have higher risk of transfusion (odds ratio [OR], 1.29; P < .01), mechanical complications (OR, 1.35; P = .01), infection (OR, 1.96; P < .01), and 90-day readmission (OR, 1.35; P < .01). There were no differences in risk of venous thromboembolism or medical complications.

Conclusion

Patients with IA have significantly higher risk of transfusion, mechanical complications, infection, and readmission following THA. Efforts should be made to optimize their health and medications before THA to minimize their complication risk. Additionally, hospitals should receive commensurate resources to maintain access to THA for patients with IA who are prone to higher resource utilization.

Level of Evidence

III.

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