The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 5, 1437 - 1443.e3

Incidence of Ceramic Fracture in Contemporary Ceramic-on-Ceramic Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Meta-analysis of Proportions

Yoon, Byung-Ho et al.
Hip

Background

We performed a proportion meta-analysis of currently available data to determine the prevalence of ceramic fracture for each generation.

Methods

A total of 10,571 total hip arthroplasties from 45 studies were included. Proportion meta-analysis with a random-effects model was performed to estimate the prevalence of ceramic fracture. To determine whether the ceramic fractures have a fatigue nature and a risk or latent period for the development, postoperative time lapse, patient age, and body mass index were related with ceramic fracture by metaregression analysis.

Results

As of postoperative 2.0 to 18.8 years, the rate of ceramic fracture was 0.5% (95% CI, 0.3%-0.8%) in the forte group and 0.2% (95% CI, 0.1%-0.4%) in the delta group ( P = .059). The ceramic fracture rate for each component was 0.2% (95% CI, 0.1%-0.3%) for the forte head, 0.1% (95% CI, 0.0%-0.2%) for the delta head ( P = .210), 0.2% (95% CI, 0.1%-0.3%) for the forte liner, and 0.2% (95% CI, 0.1%-0.4%) for the delta liner ( P = .305). The rate of ceramic fracture per 1000 patient-years was 0.9 (95% CI, 0.5-0.13) in the forte group and 0.5 (95% CI, 0.2-0.8) in the delta group ( P = .072). In metaregression analysis, no significant associations were found between prevalence of ceramic fracture and postoperative time lapse, patient age, or body mass index.

Conclusions

The rate of ceramic fracture was 0.9/1000 patient-year in the forte group and 0.5/1000 patient-year in the delta group. The results of this study provide baseline data for further studies validating ceramic bearings.

Level of Evidence

Level I, meta-analysis.

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