The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 27, Issue 6, 1100 - 1105

Improvements in Knee Range and Symptomatic and Functional Behavior After Knee Arthroplasty Based on Preoperative Restriction in Range

Naylor, Justine M. et al.

Recovery of knee range and Oxford Knee Score post knee arthroplasty based on preoperative knee range is described. A total of 191 patients recruited across 5 hospitals were assessed preoperatively, at 8 weeks postoperatively and 1 year. Preoperative knee range was categorized into “low” (≤109), “moderate” (>109 to ≤120), and “high” (>120°) flexion and “normal” (± −5) and “restricted” (> +5°) terminal extension. Recovery was analyzed using MIXED modeling procedures. The low-flexion group gained flexion across time. The moderate-flexion and high-flexion groups lost flexion initially then recovered, but 1-year flexion remained lower than preoperative values. The restricted terminal extension group gained extension across time. The normal terminal extension group lost extension initially then recovered to preoperative values at 1 year. Recovery in Oxford score was independent of preoperative knee range limitation. Improvement in knee range postoperatively, but not self-reported behavior, is highly dependent on the initial restriction in range.

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