The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 11, 2711 - 2717

Hybrid Fixation for Total Hip Arthroplasty Showed Improved Survival Over Cemented and Uncemented Fixation: A Single-Center Survival Analysis of 2156 Hips at 12-18 Years

Fowler, Anna-Kate et al.
Hip

Background

Despite increased use of uncemented and hybrid fixation, there is little evidence of their superiority over cemented implants. The aim of this study is to compare the long-term survivorship of cemented, hybrid and uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) at varying ages.

Methods

A total of 2156 hips (1315 cemented, 324 uncemented, and 517 hybrid) were performed in a single center between 1999 and 2005 with follow-up through to 2017. Registry and local databases were used to determine revision rates and cause. Unadjusted and adjusted competing risk survival analysis was performed.

Results

The cumulative incidence of all-cause revision at 18 years was cemented 10.9%, uncemented 8.9%, and hybrid 6.5%. Cemented fixation had a statistically significant higher risk of all-cause revision than hybrid in the adjusted model for all ages to 65 years (subhazard ratios [SHRs], 2.28-4.67) and a higher risk of revision for loosening, wear, or osteolysis at all ages (SHRs, 3.25-6.07). Uncemented fixation showed no advantage over hybrid fixation at any age, but did show advantages over cemented at younger ages (≤60 years) for all-cause revision (SHRs, 2.3-4.3).

Conclusion

Hybrid fixation with conventional polyethylene shows an advantage over cemented hips at all ages. Uncemented THA showed improved survival over cemented only at younger ages and no advantage over hybrid THA.

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