The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 3, 762 - 766

Hospital Adverse Events and Perioperative Outcomes in Bilateral Direct Anterior Approach Total Hip Arthroplasty

Villa, Jesus M. et al.
Hip

Background

Perioperative hospital adverse events represent a significant outcome that is often overlooked. Even “minor events” such as fever or tachycardia may lead to significant costs due to workup tests, interconsultations, and/or increased length of stay (LOS). The optimal timing of bilateral direct anterior approach total hip arthroplasty (DAA-THA) remains unsettled. Consequently, we wanted to compare hospital LOS, discharge disposition, hospital adverse events (major and minor), and transfusion rates between simultaneous and staged bilateral DAA-THA.

Methods

A retrospective chart review was conducted on a consecutive series of 347 primary bilateral DAA-THAs (204 patients) performed by 2 surgeons in a single institution (2010-2016). The hips finally included were categorized as simultaneous (Sim-n = 61), staged 1 (Stg1-n = 143), or staged 2 (Stg2-n = 143). We also compared simultaneous with staged surgeries performed ≤1 and >1 year apart. Baseline demographics, LOS, discharge disposition, hospital adverse events, and transfusions were assessed.

Results

The simultaneous group had significantly younger patients and a higher proportion of males when compared with the staged groups and showed significant longer LOS [2.61 (Sim) vs 2.06 (Stg1) vs 1.63 (Stg2) days, P < .001], lower proportion of home discharge [77% (Sim) vs 91.6% (Stg1) vs 96.5% (Stg2), P < .001], as well as higher (overall) rate of adverse events [31.1% (Sim) vs 28.7% (Stg1) vs 14.0% (Stg2), P = .003] and transfusions [45.9% (Sim) vs 6.3% (Stg1) vs 7.0% (Stg2), P < .001]. However, most transfusions were autologous [37.7% (Sim) vs 3.5% (Stg1) vs 0% (Stg2), P < .001].

Conclusion

Our data show that bilateral DAA-THAs performed in a staged fashion, rather than simultaneously, have a shorter hospital LOS and decreased rates of adverse events and overall transfusions. Notwithstanding, simultaneous surgery should still be considered an option in selected patients.

Level of Evidence

Level III.

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