Hip Resurfacing Arthroplasty in Patients with Varus Deformity of the Femoral Neck-Shaft AngleCarlile GS, Wakeling CP, Fuller N, Fern D, Norton MR.
Hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) in patients with a varus deformity of the femoral neck-shaft angle (NSA) is associated with poorer outcomes. Our experience has not reflected this. We examined the Oxford Hip Scores (OHS), Harris Hip Scores (HHS) and outcomes of patients with varus hips against a normal cohort to ascertain any significant difference.
We identified 179 patients. Measurement of the femoral neck-shaft angle was undertaken from anteroposterior radiographs pre-operatively. The mean NSA was 128.5 degrees (SD 6.3). Patients with a NSA of less than 122.2 were deemed varus and those above 134.8 valgus. These parameters were consistent with published anatomical studies.
The ‘varus’ cohort consisted of 23 patients, mean NSA 118.7 (range 113.6–121.5), mean follow-up 49 months (range 13–74). Mean OHS and HHS were 16 and 93.5 respectively. Complications included 2 cases of trochanteric non-union, but there were no femoral neck fractures, early failures or revisions. The ‘normal’ cohort consisted of 125 patients, mean NSA 128 degrees, mean follow-up 41 months (range 6–76). The OHS and HSS were 18.8 and 88.9 respectively. Complications included 5 trochanteric non-unions and 1 revision due to an acetabular fracture following a fall. Statistical analysis demonstrated no statistical difference between the cohorts’ OHS (p=0.583) or HHS (p=0.139).
Our experience in patients with a varus femoral neck has been positive. We have not yet experienced any femoral neck fractures, which we believe is in part due to the use of an uncemented femoral component and preservation of blood supply.