Journal of Orthopaedic Research Volume 38, Issue 8 p. 1836-1844

Hip joint kinematics and segment coordination variability according to pain and structural disease severity in hip osteoarthritis

Michelle Hall Aaron Fox Jason Bonacci Ben R. Metcalf Yong H. Pua Laura E. Diamond Kim Allison Tim V. Wrigley Kim L. Bennell

This study aimed to evaluate hip joint kinematic variability and segment coordination variability during walking according to pain and radiographic disease severity in people with hip osteoarthritis. Fifty‐five participants with hip osteoarthritis had pain severity assessed during walking using an item on the Western Ontario and McMasters Universities Osteoarthritis Index (no pain = 10; mild pain = 28; moderate pain = 17). Radiographic disease severity was graded by Kellgren and Lawrence scale (KL2 = 29; KL3 = 21; KL4 = 5). Hip kinematics variability was estimated as the curve coefficient of variation. Vector coding was used to calculate coordination variability for select joint couplings. One‐way analysis of variances with planned adjusted post hoc comparisons were used to compare hip kinematics variability and coordination variability of select segment couplings (pelvis sagittal vs thigh sagittal; pelvis frontal vs thigh frontal; pelvis transverse vs thigh transverse; thigh sagittal vs shank sagittal; thigh frontal vs shank sagittal; thigh transverse vs shank sagittal) according to pain and radiographic disease severity. No main effect of pain severity was observed for sagittal or transverse plane hip kinematic variability (P ≥ .266), and although there was a main effect for frontal plane hip kinematic variability (P = .035), there were no significant differences when comparing between levels of pain severity (P > .006). There was no main effect of radiographic disease severity on hip kinematic variability in the sagittal (P = .539) or frontal (P = .307) plane. No significant differences in coordination of variability of segment couplings were observed (all P ≥ .229). Movement variability as assessed in this study did not differ according to pain severity during walking or radiographic disease severity.

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