The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 36, Issue 3, 917 - 921

Fixed-Bearing Medial Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty in Patients Younger Than 55 Years of Age at 4-19 Years of Follow-Up: A Concise Follow-Up of a Previous Report

Calkins, Tyler E. et al.
Knee

Background

Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is an effective alternative to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in isolated unicompartmental disease; however, mid-term to long-term results in young patients are unknown. The purpose of this study is to determine the mid-term outcomes of fixed-bearing medial UKA in patients less than 55 years of age.

Methods

Seventy-seven fixed-bearing medial UKAs in patients less than 55 years of age (mean 49.9, range 38-55) from a previously published report were retrospectively reviewed at a mean follow-up of 11.2 years (range 4.1-19.2).

Results

Eleven knees were converted to TKA (14.3%) at 0.7-13.8 years postoperatively. The indications for revision included 7 for unexplained pain (9.1%), 2 for grade 4 arthritic progression (1 isolated lateral and 1 lateral and patellofemoral compartments; 2.6%), 1 for polyethylene wear (1.3%), and 1 for femoral component loosening (1.3%). Predicted survivorship free from component revision was 90.4% (95% confidence interval 86.9-93.9) at 10 years and 75.1% (95% confidence interval 66.2-84.0) at 19 years. The mean Knee Society Score improved from a mean of 51.9-88.6 points ( P < .001). Of the 52 knees with 4-year minimum radiographs, 3 (5.8%) developed isolated grade 4 patellofemoral arthritis that was asymptomatic, and no knees had evidence of component loosening or osteolysis.

Conclusion

Fixed-bearing medial UKA is a durable option for young patients with unicompartmental arthritis, with good clinical outcomes at mid-term follow-up. Unexplained pain was the most common reason for revision to TKA.

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