The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 11, 2663 - 2668

Effects of Sagittal Spinal Alignment on Postural Pelvic Mobility in Total Hip Arthroplasty Candidates

Buckland, Aaron J. et al.
Hip

Background

Recent research has demonstrated that patients with reduced pelvic mobility from standing to sitting have higher rates of dislocation after total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study evaluates the effect of sagittal spinal deformity, defined by pelvic incidence–lumbar lordosis mismatch (PI-LL), on postural changes in pelvic tilt (PT).

Methods

A multicenter database of 1100 preoperative THA patients was queried. Anterior-pelvic-plane tilt (APPt), spinopelvic tilt (SPT), and LL were measured from radiographs of patients in supine, standing, flexed-seated, and stepping-up postures; PI was measured from computed tomography. Patients were separated into 3 groups based on PI-LL (<−10°, −10° to 10°, >10°) and propensity-score matched by PI. Lumbar flatback-deformity was defined as PI-LL > 10°, hyperlordosis: PI-LL < −10°. SPT/APPt, including changes between each posture were compared across PI-LL groups using analysis of variance, with post-hoc Tukey tests. Pearson correlations were reported when testing associations between SPT/APPt change and PI-LL.

Results

After propensity-score matching, 288 patients were analyzed (mean 65 y; 49% F). SPT and APPt change differed across all PI-LL categories from standing to seated, supine, and stepping-up with less SPT/APPt recruitment among hyperlordotic vs flatback patients (all P < .001). Greater PI-LL correlated with greater SPT recruitment from standing to seated ( R = 0.294), supine ( R = 0.292), and stepping-up ( R = 0.207) (all P < .001). Smaller LL changes from standing to seated were associated with greater SPT recruitment ( R = 0.372, P < .001).

Conclusions

Postural changes in SPT/APPt are associated with spinopelvic measures in THA candidates. Hyperlordotic patients tend to utilize their spines more compared with flatback patients who were more likely to recruit PT. Increased focus on patients with lumbar flatback and hyperlordosis may help in reducing prosthetic dislocation prevalence following THA.

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