The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 6, 1808 - 1813

Does Residual Varus Alignment Cause Increasing Varus Laxity at a Minimum of Five Years After Total Knee Arthroplasty?

Hatayama, Kazuhisa et al.
Knee

Background

The purpose of this study is to investigate whether varus-valgus laxity of cruciate-retaining (CR) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) changes between 1 year and >5 years after surgery based on postoperative limb alignment.

Methods

One hundred twenty-one varus osteoarthritic knees that underwent CR TKA were included. The minimum follow-up was 5 years. Weight-bearing full-leg radiographs were obtained postoperatively and the hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle was measured. Knees were grouped in varus (HKA angle ≤ −3°, 47 knees) and neutral groups (−3° < HKA angle < 3°, 70 knees). The range of motion was measured and a Hospital for Special Surgery score was obtained at the last follow-up. Varus-valgus laxity at 15° of knee flexion was measured with stress radiographs after 1 year and at the last follow-up.

Results

No knees required revision surgery. The mean knee flexion angle (121.0° vs 117.1°) and Hospital for Special Surgery score (90.3 vs 90.4) at the last follow-up were not significantly different between the varus and neutral groups. In both groups, there was no significant change in varus or valgus laxity between 1 year and at the last follow-up.

Conclusion

Postoperative residual varus limb alignment did not lead to increasing varus laxity after CR TKA in the mid-term.


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