The Knee, ISSN: 1873-5800, Vol: 23, Issue: 2, Page: 327-30

Does activity affect the outcome of the Oxford unicompartmental knee replacement?

Ali, Adam M; Pandit, Hemant; Liddle, Alexander D; Jenkins, Cathy; Mellon, Stephen; Dodd, Christopher A F; Murray, David W
Knee

Highlights

  • High post-operative activity does not compromise the outcome of the Oxford medial UKR.
  • 12-year survival in the high activity group is 97.3% (CI: 92.0% to 99.1%).
  • Functional outcomes (OKS and AKSS-F) improve with increasing activity.

Abstract

 

Background

High levels of activity are considered to be a contraindication to unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) and are not recommended after UKR. To determine if these recommendations should apply to the mobile-bearing Oxford UKR, this study assessed the effect of post-operative activity level on the outcome of this device.

Methods

The outcome of the first 1000 Phase 3 cemented Oxford UKRs implanted between 1998 and 2010 was assessed using survival analysis, the Oxford Knee Score (OKS) and the American Knee Society Objective (KSS-O) and Functional (KSS-F) Scores. Patients were grouped according to the maximum post-operative Tegner Activity Score.

Results

The mean follow-up was 6.1 years (range 1 to 14). Overall, increasing activity was associated with superior survival (p = 0.025). In the high activity group, with Tegner ≥ 5 (n = 115) 2.6% were revised and the 12-year survival was 97.3% (confidence interval (CI): 92.0% to 99.1%). In the low activity group, with Tegner ≤ 4, (n = 885) 4.3% were revised and the 12-year survival was 94.0% (CI: 91.4 to 95.8). The difference between the two groups was not significant (p = 0.44). Although the final OKS and KSS-F were significantly better in the high activity group compared to the low activity group (OKS 45v40, KSS-F 95v78), there was no difference in the change in OKS or KSS-O.

Conclusions

High activity does not compromise the outcome of the Oxford UKR and may improve it. Activity should not be restricted nor considered to be a contraindication.


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