The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 8, 1626 - 1633

Despite Improved Survivorship of Uncemented Fixation in Total Knee Arthroplasty for Osteoarthritis, Cemented Fixation Remains the Gold Standard: An Analysis of a National Joint Registry

Mary Nugent, Michael C. Wyatt, Christopher M. Frampton, Gary J. Hooper
Knee

Background

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) numbers are increasing worldwide. While cement fixation for both femoral and tibial components is commonly used, alternatives include hybrid and uncemented TKAs. This study aimed to evaluate survivorship, revision rates, and patient-reported outcomes for cemented, hybrid, and uncemented TKAs using New Zealand Joint Registry (NZJR) data.

Methods

NZJR data relating to all TKAs performed during the 19 years up to the end of December 2017 were analyzed. Outcomes were assessed using prosthesis survivorship data (including reasons for revision) and Oxford scores at 6 months, 5 years, and 10 years postoperatively.

Results

A total 96,519 primary TKAs were performed during the period examined. Most (91.5%) were fully cemented with 4.8% hybrid and 3.7% uncemented. Mean Oxford scores at 6 months were highest in cemented and lowest in uncemented TKAs ( P < .001). However, this was not clinically significant. There was no difference at 5 or 10 years. Ten-year survival rates were 97%, 94.5%, and 95.8% for cemented, uncemented, and hybrid TKAs, respectively. Revision rates were 0.47, 0.74, and 0.52 per 100 component years for cemented, uncemented, and hybrid prostheses, respectively. The revision rate for uncemented prostheses compared with cemented was higher ( P < .001). When stratified by age group, there were differences in survival rates between cemented and uncemented groups ( P = .001) and hybrid and uncemented groups ( P = .038) in patients aged <55 years; between cemented and uncemented groups in those aged 55-64 years ( P = .031); and between cemented and hybrid groups in those aged >75 years ( P = .004).

Conclusion

Uncemented TKAs had similar patient-reported outcomes but higher revision rates and worse survivorship compared with hybrid or fully cemented TKAs.

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