Obtaining 5 samples provided the greatest yield positive cultures for diagnosing PJI. The percentage of positive cultures overall was 62.6% and stratified by organism type: antibiotic resistant (80.0%), Staphylococcus aureus(76.0%), gram negative (58.9%), Pseudomonas (52.0%), variant PJI organisms (28.2%), Propionibacterium acnes (20.0%), and Escherichia coli (8.0%). Although most organisms were cultured in 5 days or less, 10.8 days were needed for Propionibacterium acnes, 6.6 for variant PJI organisms, and 5.2 for coagulase-negative Staphylococcus. At 3 days, only 42.2% of cultures turned positive compared with 95.0% at 8 days. There was a significant decrease in time in gram-positive PJIs and an increase in culture-negative PJIs.