The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 8 , 2491 - 2495

Cruciate-Retaining vs Posterior-Stabilized Primary Total Arthroplasty. Clinical Outcome Comparison With a Minimum Follow-Up of 10 Years

Serna-Berna, Ricardo et al.
Knee

Background

Controversy continues regarding whether the posterior cruciate ligament should be retained or removed during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) procedure. The objective was to compare the clinical outcomes with a minimum follow-up of 10 years between patients who received contemporary cruciate-retaining or posterior-stabilized primary TKA.

Methods

Case-control study of 268 patients who underwent cruciate-retaining TKA vs 211 to posterior-stabilized design, with the same arthroplasty system, and a minimum follow-up of 10 years. Clinical assessment was performed by Knee Society scores, Western Ontario and MacMasters Universities and Short-Form 12 questionnaires, range of motion, and patient satisfaction.

Results

Successful outcomes were found for both designs. No significant differences in functional scores, range of motion, patient-related scores, or patient satisfaction. Between the 5-year and last postoperative follow-up, there were a significant decrease of all clinical scores in both groups. In addition, complication rate and implant survival were similar between groups.

Conclusion

The superiority of one design over the other was not found. Both designs can be used expecting long-term successful outcomes and high survival. The choice of the design depended on the status of the posterior cruciate ligament and surgeon preference.


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