The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 12, 2846 - 2854.e2

Cost of Care for Patients With Pre-Existing Comorbidities Undergoing Total Joint Arthroplasty: A Retrospective Cohort Study Evaluating Disease-Specific Perioperative Care

Fiasconaro, Megan et al.
Hip Knee

Background

Investigations suggest a relationship between increased resource utilization with disease burden and advanced age. However, it remains unknown the degree increased resource utilization is associated with pre-existing conditions, before complications occur.

Methods

This retrospective study identified total hip/knee arthroplasty cases in the Premier Database from 2006 to 2016 (N = 1,613,744), with hospitalization cost as the primary outcome. With a variable combining the conditions and complication, generalized linear models measured associations between condition/complication interaction groups and hospitalization cost. Estimates of percent cost increase by variable were obtained.

Results

Across all conditions, an increase in cost ranging from 0.38% to 4.28% was found in the absence of a complication. The “Condition = No, Complication = Yes” group was associated with a range of 11.50%-12.40% increase in average hospitalization cost, and the range was 14.43%-30.85% for the “Condition = Yes, Complication = Yes” group.

Conclusion

We found that having a high-risk condition without a complication accounted only for a modest hospitalization cost increase.

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