The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 34 , Issue 2 , 215 - 220

Cost-Effectiveness of Preoperative Smoking Cessation Interventions in Total Joint Arthroplasty

Boylan, Matthew R. et al.
Hip Knee

Background

Smoking is associated with adverse outcomes after total joint arthroplasty (TJA), including periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). Although preoperative smoking cessation interventions may help reduce the risk PJI, the short-term cost-effectiveness of these programs remains unclear.

Methods

Decision analysis was used to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a preoperative smoking cessation intervention over a 90-day TJA episode of care. Costs and probabilities were derived from literature review and published Medicare data. Thresholds for cost and efficacy of the intervention were determined using sensitivity analysis.

Results

In our model, the average 90-day cost was $32 less for patients enrolled in a mandatory smoking cessation intervention ($23,457) compared with patients who were not ($23,489). In sensitivity analyses, the smoking cessation intervention was cost-saving vs no intervention when the short-term cost of PJI was greater than $95,410, the rate of PJI was reduced by at least 25% for former vs current smokers, the cost of the intervention was less than $219, or the success rate of the intervention was greater than 56%.

Conclusion

Smoking cessation interventions prior to TJA can increase the value of care and are an important public health initiative. Routine referral to smoking cessation interventions should be considered for smokers indicated for TJA.

Level of Evidence

Level II, economic and decision analyses.


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