The Knee, ISSN: 1873-5800, Vol: 21 Suppl 1, Issue: S1, Page: S51-7

Coronal alignment of patellofemoral arthroplasty

Thienpont, Emmanuel; Lonner, Jess H
Knee

Background

Patellofemoral arthroplasty (PFA) can yield successful results in appropriately selected patients. The varus-valgus position or coronal alignment of the trochlear implant is determined by how its transitional edges articulate with the condylar cartilage. Whilst variation in condylar anatomy will not influence the axis of the lower limb in PFA, it can impact on the Q-angle of the PF joint. The aim of this study was to analyze how the coronal alignment can be influenced by the choice of anatomical landmarks.

Materials and methods

Retrospective analysis of 57 PFAs with measurements of alignment from full leg radiographs.

Results

Coronal alignment following anterior condylar anatomy leads to a mean (SD) proximal valgus alignment of 100° (9°). Aligning the component with Whiteside’s line gives a better alignment with less variance 89° (3°).

Discussion

A trochlear component with a higher Q-angle compensates for patellar maltracking if the condylar anatomy would tend to put the implant in a more proximal varus or neutral position. If the trochlear component is proximally aligned in valgus this may have the opposite effect. Aligning the trochlear component with the AP-axis in the coronal plane avoids maltracking and optimally utilizes the design features of the implant.

Level of evidence

Level III.

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