The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 5, 1593 - 1598

Conversion Hip Arthroplasty in Failed Fixation of Intertrochanteric Fracture: A Propensity Score Matching Study

Lee, Young-Kyun et al.
Hip

Background

Conversion hip arthroplasty is a salvage procedure for failed internal fixation of intertrochanteric fractures. However, the technical difficulties and perioperative morbidity of conversion arthroplasty are uncertain.

Methods

We compared the type of arthroplasty (total hip arthroplasty or hemiarthroplasty), operative parameters, perioperative morbidity, 1-year mortality, implant stability, and clinical results of 33 conversion hip arthroplasties due to a failed internal fixation of intertrochanteric fracture with those of a matched control group of 33 primary hip arthroplasties due to the same fracture. Propensity score was used for the control matching of gender, age, and body mass index.

Results

Total hip arthroplasty was more frequently performed in the conversion group (10/33) compared to the primary group (3/33) (P = .016). The operation time, perioperative blood loss, amount of transfusion, and risk of femoral fracture during the operation were increased in the conversion group. The overall 1-year mortality was 3% (1 patient) in the conversion group and 9% (3 patients) in the primary group (P = .307). At a mean of 3-year follow-up, there was no significant difference in clinical results and none of the implants were loose in both groups.

Conclusion

In patients with failed internal fixation of intertrochanteric fracture, conversion hip arthroplasty should be planned and executed, bearing in mind the increased operative morbidities corresponding to operation time, perioperative blood loss, requirement of transfusion, and intraoperative femoral fracture.


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